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Breast Cancer Facts ,Symptoms,Causes,Stages,Treatment & Tests

Beast Cancer:

Uncontrolled growth of the inner linning of the milk duct and the lobules that supply them with milk and it can spread to the other part of the body that tumor is called malignent tumor.tumor of the lobules is called lobular carcinoma and of ducts is called ductal carcinoma.

Mostly womens are effected from breast cancer.and mans are also pron to it.upto 16% of all cancers type.Second most common type of all the cancers.almost 18% of the deaths occur from breast cancer from all type of cancers in both males and females.

life expectancy,age,lifestyle,obesity,dense breast tissue,genetics,height,alcohol consumption,radiation exposure and eating habits are the major contributing risk factor of the breast cancer.

Symptoms:

The major complain is headache or pain or some time following symptoms may be seen by even common person.in that case consult to a doctor;
1-Lumps or swelling in armpits.
2-Rashes around nipples or breast skin
3-Skin dimpling
4-Nipples that turn inward
5-Nipples discharge,it may be bloody or mucus type or some other type
6-Ascities occur in breast cancer,it will cause discomfort.ascities may also be found in colon cancer,gastrointestinal cancer(stomach and intestinal cancer),
ovarian cancer,pancreatic cancer and uterine cancer.

Tests and diagnosis:

A)Mammogram through x-ray
B)Biopsy
C)Breast MRI
D)Breast ultrasound

Where breast cancer can spread;

1-Lymph node
2-Bones.
3-Liver.
4-Lungs.
5-Brain.

Stages:

There are 4 stages of cancer.
Stage 1:
Cancer cell don’t spread beyound the breast.tumor is 2cm in size.and treatment is 90% or even more depend upon early diagnosis
Stage 2:
it’s size range from 2-5cm.it have further 2 types;
Type-A stage 2 cancer:
it’s size is above 2 cm and has not spread to axillary lymph node.
Type-B stage 2 cancer:
It’s size is above 2cm and it spread 1-3 axillary lymph node.

Treatment:

A)Breast conserving surgery such as lumpectomy.
B)Modified radical mastectomy with or without reconstruction and both treatment along with post surgical therapy i.e,radiation therapy

Stage 3:

it has further 3 types;

Type-A Stage 3 Cancer:
it’s size is nor more than 5 centimeter and spread to 4-9 axillary lymph node or more than 5 centimeter and spread to 1-9 axillary lymph node.
treatment is same as stage 1 and 2.

Type-B Stage 3 Cancer:

it’s size is nor more than 5 centimeter and spread to 4-9 axillary lymph node or more than 5 centimeter and spread to 1-9 axillary lymph node.
Treatment is same as stage 1 and 2 and tissue near breast including skin or chest wall are involved in both cases.

Treatment:                                                                                                                                          

A)Chemotheray along with the harmones.and harmones are estrogen and progesteron
B)Breat surgery(breast conserving or total mastectomy) with lymph node dissection
C)post surgical therapy with radiation or chemotherapeutic agent

Type-C stage 3 cancer:

It has further 2 types
1-Operable type-C stage 3 cancer:
10 or more of under arm lymph node are involved and found below the collar bone.lymph node in breast skin are also involved
treatment is same as stage 1 and 2.
2-10 or more are involved and cancer spread above the lymphnode of collar bone on the side of neck of effected breast.

Treatment:

A)Chemotheray along with the harmones.and harmones are estrogen and progesteron
B)Breat surgery(breast conserving or total mastectomy) with lymph node dissection
C)post surgical therapy with radiation or chemotherapeutic agent.

Stage 4:

cancer has spread to other part of body.in 75% case it spread to bones.
treatment plan is almost incureable and just need to slowdown its progression and reduce pain and discomfort.
treatment may include local tumor tissue removal and stem cell transplant is in clinical trails
natural product or compound that slowdown cancer is;
1-Phytic acid
2-Vitamin D especially in skin and breast cancer
3-Pomegranate
4-Fish
5-Eggs
6-Mushrooms

Targeted Compound or Drugs:

1-Trastuzumab(herceptin)
2-Lapatinib
3-Avastin(bevacizumab)
4-Low dose asprin,it is tested in lab animals that low dose of asprin halt the growth and spread of breast cancer.

 

 

 

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